In this research project, we draw a portrait of the employment situation of people with disabilities by means of Canadian Survey on Disability (CSD) in order to identify the factors influencing the probability for those people of being employed and their earnings.
The gap in employment rates between the people with and without disabilities is 20 points, while the salary differential is about 10% less for disabled people.
These results vary substantially depending on the disability type.
The level of education, severity of the disability and the need to adapt the work environment are the main factors in the labour market.
Then, we use the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics to assess the impact of the Work Integration Contract, a Québec program that promotes the hiring and retention of people living with disabilities in a regular work environment. Our results suggest that the program did not contribute to enhancing employment for people with disabilities.